The popularity of electric cars is increasing day-by-day because of the increased environmental pollution and the cost of maintaining gas-powered vehicles. Electric car companies all around the world realized the increasing popularity of electric vehicles and started to design the best electric vehicles that are affordable for the general public.
The main advantage of using electric vehicles is that there won’t be any emissions of greenhouse gases. Thus, electric vehicles will contribute to a cleaner environment and improvement in our health. Unlike conventional vehicles, electric cars are powered by rechargeable batteries. There are different types of rechargeable batteries used in electric cars. Keep on reading to know more about them.
Lead-acid batteries are considered the safest, reliable, and inexpensive batteries used in an electric vehicle. Even though they are highly powerful, lead-acid batteries have poor cold-temperature performances and low specific energy. Many electric car companies are investing in the development of advanced lead-acid batteries that are more powerful than the currently used ones.
Nickel-Metal Hybrid Batteries
These types of batteries are mainly used in medical and computer equipment and offer specific power capabilities and energy. When compared to a lead-acid battery, the nickel-metal battery has a much longer life cycle. Nickel-metal hybrid batteries are also safe and tolerant of abuse. One of the main drawbacks of nickel-metal hybrid batteries is that they are expensive than other types of batteries.
When compared to a lead-acid battery or a nickel-metal hybrid battery, the energy density of the lithium-ion battery is much higher. That means you can reduce the size of the battery without reducing the storage capacity. This will help in increasing the range of electric vehicles.
How To Increase Battery Life In Electric Vehicles?
Lithium-ion batteries in the electric vehicles will last longer if you do not allow them to charge fully. You can stop charging when the battery is charged up to 95%. Also, ensure that the battery is not fully drained. Make sure not to let the batteries become too hot because it may reduce the battery life. Most modern electric cars have a thermal management system to cool down the batteries.
Never park your car directly under the sunlight for too long because it may increase the temperature of the battery. Another way to increase the battery life of an electric car is by limiting the use of DC quick charge. Only use the fast charging DC stations when there is an emergency.