Electric vehicles (EV) and to some extent hybrid vehicles have been gaining popularity among buyers due to their lower operational cost and environmental friendly operation. This shift has been accelerating in recent years, since their cost began dropping and governments began promoting EVs. Initially, the concern with buyers was regarding electric car range, but this is not an issue anymore as the battery technologies began improving and most manufacturers began offering reliable driving ranges. Also, their maintenance cost is lower than internal combustion vehicles and this makes them attractive. This article attempts to explain some common doubts about EVs and hybrid cars.
What Are Electric And Hybrid Technologies?
We will begin by explaining an electric vehicle (EV). it is a vehicle that is powered by a battery instead of the conventional fuels and electric car motor instead of an engine. It is the energy stored in the battery that powers the electric motor and runs the car. The driving range of the EV is dependent on the battery capacity, its technology and the efficiency of the motor. Of these, the second one is where manufacturers are pouring resources into research and development, because it can determine the success of a vehicle model or brand.
Hybrids, also known as plug-in hybrids (PHEVs) use both an electric motor and an internal combustion engine for running. At slower speeds, they use the electric motor i.e. inside cities and at higher speeds they use the combustion engine. One of their advantages is, PHEVs have a relatively longer range because they use both technologies and can also run on either of them alone. Also, the advancements in EV technology are influencing hybrid vehicles as well. However, it is an obvious fact that EVs are the future of transportation and hybrid vehicles provide more of a transition to this shift.
What Is The Cost Of Running An Electric Or Hybrid Car?
As mentioned in the introduction, one of the biggest reasons for the increase in electric vehicle (EV) and hybrid vehicle ownership is their low operational cost. This is because the cost per mile is lower for EVs and hybrids compared to internal combustion engine vehicles. Also, because of zero CO2 emission for EVs and lower emission for hybrids, they are greener and hence have lower road tax. In some countries, they are exempt from this form of tax. But, more expensive or top-end models are required to pay a reduced fee, depending on the price of the vehicle.
Some hybrid car models use regenerative braking to charge the battery and help to increase the range. Hybrid EVs can be charged similar to the EVs and they can also run on electric-only mode depending on the range of the battery. However, the biggest advantage of EVs is that they have fewer moving parts and hence the maintenance cost is lower.
What Should You Know About Charging EVs And Plug-In Hybrids?
One of the big concerns among EV owners is about electric care range, also known as range anxiety i.e. the car running out of battery halfway through a journey. But, this is not an issue with plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs) because they run on both battery, as well as fuel. Also, there was a misconception that EV charging was time consuming, but it vanished as fast charging facilities became common and the battery technology improved. The time required for charging depends on the battery capacity, charging technology and the type of charger and the car model. All the newer models can be easily charged easily at home.
What Should You Know About Electric Vehicle And Hybrid Car Maintenance?
When it comes to vehicles, be it EVs, hybrids or the traditional internal combustion engine vehicles, proper maintenance plays a key role in their performance. This ensures that they perform to maximum capacity or efficiency and function without much issues for a long time. EVs are easier to maintain because of the few moving parts they have.
Most of the newer car models use drive by wire technology, eliminating the need for mechanical drivetrain. Similarly, even though plug-in hybrid vehicles have engines, the wear and tear are minimal or less. This is because it is not used when the car is running at a low speed. Also, brakes and brake pads last longer in EVs and hybrid vehicles due to the low heat involved in regenerative braking.
Two of the important aspects that you should consider regarding EVs is battery performance and software glitches. The software used in EVs is a very important component involved in their performance and charging the batteries to full capacity very often can easily wear them out. Also, they are heavier than traditional vehicles because of the heavy battery pack; this combined with the instant torque available at wheels easily wears them out.
It is obvious from the aforementioned details that EVs and PHEVs are better options than traditional internal combustion engine vehicles. Since they have a less environmental impact, they are the future of transportation.