Electric car adoption has been picking up momentum since the last couple of years across the globe. People are finding these automobiles attractive because of their lack of emissions and low maintenance cost. Because of this market growth, new models are introduced by different brands with different electric car range and capabilities. One of the basic questions that crop up in people’s mind when buying an electric vehicle is about charging, because these vehicles support multiple methods of charging. This article will shed light upon the different charging methods and options available.
Different Methods of Charging
There are different methods to charge the cars battery pack and it depends on where you want to charge and how fast you want to charge your EV. There are 3 different types of charging and they are the following.
- Trickle Charging: This is the slowest method where you use the standard 220V plug to charge the vehicle.
- AC Charging: The manufacturer of your EV will install an AC charging terminal at your home and this lets you charge the EV 3 to 4 times faster. Moreover, public charging stations also offer AC charging along with DC fast charging.
- DC Charging: This is the quickest method to charge an EV, also known as DC fast charging and is available at public charging stations having power from 50KW and above. Because of this, the battery pack of your electric vehicle can be charged from 20% to 80% in around 40 minutes. Moreover, there are ultra fast-charging stations with power above 150kw.
Pros of Different charging Options
Now, let us discuss the advantages of charging at home and a public charging station.
Charging at Home
Almost 80% of EV’s are currently charged at home overnight giving a fully charged battery pack in the morning and there are two methods available namely, trickle charging and AC household charge from a wall box installed by the manufacturer. As mentioned earlier, the former is especially suitable for small electric car because it can give 13 to 16 km of travel for 1 hour of charging and hence gives a range of 65 km range with 5 hours of charging. The other method is AC household charging from the wall box and is the most recommended method for domestic EV charging. AC charging overnight for 6 hours gives a fully charged battery pack in the morning.
Public Charging Stations
Public charging stations offer the quickest charging and they are very suitable when you are going on a journey, as it can charge up to 80% in 40 minutes. However, you must keep in mind that quick charging can reduce the life of your battery pack and hence it must be kept to a minimum.
With the increasing number of customers for EV’s, more public charging stations are coming up. Therefore, the user experience of driving electric vehicles is bright.