To put it simply, skin cancer is the uncontrolled growth of skin cells. Skin cancer usually occurs in the region of the skin that is exposed to the sun, but in some cases, skin cancer also develops in the regions of your skin that are not normally exposed to the sun.
Melanoma and keratinocyte carcinoma are the two types of skin cancer that commonly affects humans. Skin lesions are the most common symptom of this type of cancer. They are the bump, sore, scaly patches of skin the doesn’t easily go away.
Treatments Of Skin Cancer
Depending on the size, depth, type, and location of the lesions, you will have to opt for different treatments for precancerous skin lesions and skin cancer. Initial skin biopsy that removes the affected skin is enough for the small skin cancers that are limited to the surface of your skin.
Some of the common treatment options for skin cancer are:
Using liquid nitrogen, the doctors are able to freeze actinic keratoses and small, early skin cancers and destroy them. When the dead tissue melts, it will slough off.
This treatment is often done on larger, recurring skin cancer that is often difficult to treat. These types may include squamous cell carcinomas and basal cell carcinomas. This surgery is often done on the regions where the conservation of skin is very necessary, like your nose. During this surgery, the skin growth will be removed layer by layer to the last of the abnormal cells.
This surgery is often used in almost all types of skin cancer. During this surgery, the doctor will cut off the cancerous skin growth along with a good amount of surrounding healthy skin.
Chemotherapy uses several chemical drugs for killing cancer cells. If your skin cancer is only limited to the surface of the skin, you will be given topical creams that contain anti-cancer agents for applying directly to the skin.
In this type of cancer therapy, high-powered energy beams are used for killing the cancer cells. This treatment option is usually recommended when surgery cannot remove the cancer cells completely.
This cancer treatment involves a combination of drugs and laser light for making the cancer cells more sensitive to light and then destroy them.
To know more about the different types of cancers and the treatment options available, visit the website of CCCHC.